Indonesia’s political background

In 1999, Indonesia held its first democratic elections since 1955. Elections are popular in Indonesia. They are well managed by the Elections Commission (KPU) and have high levels of voter turnout. Indonesia has the second-largest one-day election in the world (after the USA) and since 1999 there has been a huge growth in the number of political parties contesting the elections, although the number of parties that actually meet the threshold for a seat in parliament is much lower.

However, most political parties are based around the personality of their leader rather than having a programme of policies and there is widespread corruption. Governments are usually a coalition of many political parties and the politicians involved are usually more focused on gaining power than representing the people.

Indonesia has a relatively young population. 43.3% of the population are younger than 24 and 85.6% are younger than 54. However, the political scene is populated by the same familiar faces which have dominated Indonesian politics for the past decades. They tend to still be representing powerful vested interests.

There is a glimmer of hope, however. In 2014 a new president was elected who is a complete political outsider, a former governor of Jakarta who is known for his pragmatic reform-minded style.

The approach of NIMD in Indonesia

Until 2015, the core of NIMD’s programme in Indonesia was democracy education. By the end of 2014, the Democracy Schools had produced 1738 alumni in 8 regions. In the 2014 general elections, 179 Democracy School alumni ran for office and 16 were elected. 77 alumni were involved in the elections as officials. The alumni are organized in alumni organizations which engage in lobby & advocacy to address local issues like education, healthcare and pollution.

In 2016, NIMD will be starting a new programme working with young politicians at the national level. Our aim is to equip young politicians with better political skills to fulfil their democratic role as elected representatives, as well as stimulating inclusive inter-party dialogue on democratic renewal. This programme will be implemented by Kemitraan – Partnership for Governance Reform.

Related publications:

eval-indonesia Evaluation Report Indonesia 2004-2009

Programme Passport

Rob van Leeuwen
Rob van Leeuwen
Programme Manager
+31 70 311 5031
  • Start programme
  • Implementing partner
    Kemitraan – Partnership for Governance Reform
  • Funding partner
    Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Budget 2015
    € 420.000

Indonesia Key Facts

  • Political party funding agreements?
    yes, read an article on Strategic Review about this
  • % women active in government
  • # political parties involved in the programme
    none in 2015 (hopefully all 10 in 2016)
  • Elections
    last: 9 July 2014
    next: 2019
  • Nice to know
    Very decentralized governing structures with a lot of power in the districts